Faculty

Steven Barlow

Steven M. Barlow

Professor

Phone: (785) 864-0632 (office)
Phone: (785) 864-1196 (lab)
Fax: (785) 864-4403 (lab)
smbarlow@ku.edu

B.S., 1976, University of Wisconsin
M.S., 1980, University of Wisconsin
Ph.D., 1984, University of Wisconsin

Director, Communication Neuroscience Laboratories

Director, Speech Aerodynamics and Voice Laboratory,
Schiefelbusch Speech-Language-Hearing Clinic

Research

Professor Barlow and his research group have been studying the neural mechanisms of sensorimotor integration and motor control among orofacial and vocal tract structures in infants, children, and adults. Premature infants at-risk for brain damage are the focus of a major NIH project designed to explore activity-dependent mechanisms of neural plasticity using controlled mechanosensory inputs. Similar experimental issues of brain plasticity are being explored in the rat. In another line of study, electrophysiological and mechanosensory psychophysical experiments are underway to explore the effects of subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulator implants on limb and vocal tract motor control in individuals with advanced forms of Parkinson's disease.

Selected Publications

Zimmerman E, Barlow SM.  (2008).  Pacifier stiffness alters the dynamics of the suck central pattern generator.  J Neonatal Nursing, 14(3), 79-86.   PMID: 19492006.

Poore M, Zimmerman E, Barlow SM, Wang J, Gu F.  (2008).  NTrainer therapy increases suck spatiotemporal stability in preterm infants.  Acta Paediatrica, 97, 920-927. PMID: 18462468.

Barlow SM, Finan DS, Chu S, Lee J.  (2008).  Patterns for the premature brain:  Synthetic orocutaneous stimulation entrains preterm infants with feeding difficulties to suck.  J Perinatology, 28, 541-548.  PMID:  18548084.

Poore M, Barlow SM, Wang J, Estep M, Lee J.  (2008).  Respiratory Distress Syndrome history predicts suck spatiotemporal index in preterm infants.  J Neonatal Nursing, 14, 185-192. PMID:19956344.

Barlow SM, Green JR.  (2009).  Preface to the 18th Annual ASHA-NIH Research Symposium: Neurobiological Determinants of Human Communication.  J Commun Disorders, 42, 245-247. PMID: 19406433.

Barlow SM, Hammer M.  (2009).  Pallidotomy and deep brain stimulation in Parkinson’s disease:  effects on speech and voice.  Clinical Management of Sensorimotor Speech Disorders (M. McNeil, ed.).  2nd Edition, Thieme Medical Publishers, 362-364.

Andreatta RD, Barlow SM.  (2009).  Somatosensory gating is dependent on the rate of force recruitment in the human perioral system.  J Speech-Language-Hearing Research, 52(6), 1-13. PMID: 19717653.

Chu S, Barlow SM, Lee J.  (2009).  Nonparticipatory Stiffness in the Male Perioral Complex.  J Speech-Language-Hearing Research, 52(5): 1353-1359. PMID: 19717655.

Barlow SM.  (2009).  Oral and respiratory control for preterm feeding.  Curr Opinion in Otolaryngology: Head & Neck Surgery, 17: 179-186. PMID: 19369871.

Barlow SM.  (2009).  Central pattern generation involved in oral and respiratory control for feeding in the term infant.  Curr Opinion in Otolaryngology: Head & Neck Surgery, 17: 187-193. PMID: 19417662

Hammer MJ, Barlow SM.  (2010).  Laryngeal somatosensory deficits in Parkinson’s disease: Implications for speech respiratory and phonatory control.  Experimental Brain Research, 201(3):401-409.  PMID: 20012947.

Chu S-Y, Barlow SM, Kieweg D, Lee J.  (2010).  OroSTIFF:  Face-referenced measurement of perioral stiffness in health and disease.  Journal Biomechanics, 43: 1476-1482.   PMID: 20185131.

Hammer MJ, Barlow SM, Pahwa R, Lyons K.  (2010).  Subthalamic Nucleus Deep Brain Stimulation Changes Velopharyngeal Control in Parkinson’s Disease.  J Comm Disorders, 44(1): 37-48, PMID: 20708741.

Barlow SM, Lund JP, Estep M., & Kolta, A.  (2010).  Central pattern generators for speech and orofacial activity.  In S.M. Brudzynski (Ed.), Handbook of Mammalian Vocalization. Elsevier, Oxford., pp. 351-370.

Popescu M, Barlow SM, Estep M, Popescu E-A, Venkatesan L, Auer ET, Brooks WM.  (2010).  Cutaneous stimulation of the digits and lips evokes responses with different adaptation patterns in primary somatosensory cortex, NeuroImage, 52: 1477–1486. PMID: 20561996.

Venkatesan L, Barlow SM, Popescu M, Popescu A, Auer E.   (2010).  TAC-Cell inputs to human hand and lip induces short-term adaptation of the primary somatosensory cortex.  Brain Research, 1348, 63-70.   PMID: 20550944.

Hammer MJ, Barlow SM, Lyons KE, Pahwa R.  (2011).  Subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation changes speech respiratory and laryngeal control in Parkinson’s disease.  Journal of Neurology, 257(10):1692-1702. PMID: 20582431.

Barlow SM, Poore M, Chu S.  (2011).  Biodynamics of Speech and Orofacial Movement.  Assessment of Motor Speech Disorders.  A. Lowit & R.D. Kent (Eds).  Plural Publishing Group, San Diego.   Pp. 193-229.

Barlow SM, Poore M, & Zimmerman E.  (2011).  Oromotor Entrainment Therapy to Develop Feeding Skills in the Preterm Infant.  In S.S. Chabon & E.R. Cohn (Eds), The Communication Disorders Casebook: Learning by Example.  Allyn & Bacon, pp 52-62.   ISBN-10: 0205610129, ISBN-13: 9780205610129.

Barlow SM, Trotman C-A, Chu S-Y, Lee J.   (2011).  Modification of perioral stiffness in children with repaired cleft lip and palate.  The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal, in press, PMID: 21247345.

Popescu E-A, Barlow SM, Venkatesan L, Wang J, Popescu M.  (2011).  Adaptive changes in the neuromagnetic response of the primary and association somatosensory areas following repetitive tactile hand stimulation in humans.  Human Brain Mapping (in press).